What is Arbitrage?

Arbitrage is a trading strategy that involves taking advantage of pricing disparities in different markets for the same asset, exploiting the difference in prices for a profit. It involves buying and selling the same, or similar, security in different markets at the same time, capitalizing on the difference in prices from one market to another. 

Arbitrage opportunities arise when similar assets are traded on different markets and have different prices, resulting in a profit being made when the same asset is bought in one market and sold in the other. Arbitrage opportunities can also arise in the broader sense, involving the divergence of prices across different markets, as well as within a single market. 

Arbitrage aims to take advantage of mispricings and make a quick profit for the trader; it is considered to be a low-risk strategy because, as long as the pricing differences exist, a trader will always be able to make a profit, regardless of market conditions. 

Arbitrage is often viewed as an arbitrageur’s quickest way of making a profit since it is based on the speed of trading rather than on the fluctuations of the underlying asset’s market price.

What is an Example of Arbitrage?

An example of an arbitrage opportunity could be buying one share of a company in Europe for €65 and subsequently selling the same share in the United States for $75. The difference of €10 would be the risk-free profit. In this way, not only is the capital risk-free but the profits are locked in instantly and no further investment is required.

The concept of arbitrage is further illustrated by a quick example; if a trader believes that a certain stock is undervalued in one market, he can buy a large quantity of such stock and then resell it in another market for a higher price. This transaction can be done extremely quickly and with minimal risk, as the trader is simply exploiting the discrepancy between two markets. The difference in price between the two markets is the arbitrage opportunity and the profit arises from the difference in the prices.

How does Arbitrage Trading Work?

Arbitrage trading is a type of trading where traders take advantage of price discrepancies between two or more markets. It involves buying a security from one market and simultaneously selling it in another market at a higher price, thereby making a profit. Arbitrage trading requires no special skills and can be carried out in any market, including stocks, bonds, commodities, and currencies. It typically involves low risks and high rewards, as traders can take advantage of small price differences that can produce large profits. To successfully engage in arbitrage trading, traders must have access to multiple markets, be able to identify price discrepancies, and act quickly.

What are the Types of Arbitrage?

Arbitrage can occur in the same security on different markets, or across different securities on the same market. There are several different types of arbitrage that traders and investors can take advantage of.

  • Spot Arbitrage: This involves taking advantage of the difference in price between two similar securities on the same market.
  • Calendar Arbitrage: This type of arbitrage involves comparing the front-month and back-month futures, and taking advantage of any discrepancies in pricing.
  • Statistical Arbitrage: This is a form of arbitrage that involves taking advantage of non-arbitrary pricing discrepancies between two related securities.
  • Risk Arbitrage: This type of arbitrage takes advantage of pricing discrepancies between a target firm’s stock and the purchase price of a merger or acquisition.
  • Interest Rate Arbitrage: This involves finding differences in interest rates between two different currencies, and taking advantage of the discrepancies.
  • Options Arbitrage: This involves taking advantage of discrepancies between call and put options on the same security.

At Eurotrader, we’re passionate about helping our members become successful traders. We provide an array of resources and support that make trading easier and more profitable. With our guidance, you can increase your return on investment and optimize your trading strategies. Join the Eurotrader community and start trading today to take your financial goals to the next level.


Eurotrader doesn’t represent that the material provided here is accurate, current, or complete, and therefore shouldn’t be relied upon as such. The information provided here, whether from a third party or not, isn’t to be considered as a recommendation; or an offer to buy or sell; or the solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any security, financial product, or instrument; or to participate in any particular trading strategy. We advise any readers of this content to seek their advice.

Need Help? Visit our Help Section
We are rated 4.6 out 5