ichimoku cloud indicator

Technical Analysis: Ichimoku Cloud Indicator

Ichimoku Cloud Indicator:  Definition, How it Works, Formulas, Calculations, and Trading

Functioning as a trend-based indicator, the Ichimoku Cloud provides traders with comprehensive insights through its five separate lines, which are calculated in different ways. Today, traders use this indicator to gain insights on a wide range of topics, such as identifying support and resistance levels, the strength and direction of the current trend, and more. However, given that it is a complicated indicator to understand, Ichimoku Cloud is generally suitable for intermediate and advanced traders. At Eurotrader, we have put together a comprehensive guide to the Ichimoku Cloud, covering everything from its definition, how it works, calculations, and how it can be used in trading!

What is the Ichimoku Cloud Indicator?

The Ichimoku Cloud was introduced as a concept in technical analysis in the late 1930s, but after decades of development, it was published in 1969 by a Japanese journalist named Goichi Hosada. Thanks to the different insights it provides into market movements, Ichimoku Cloud has never lost its popularity since its publication and is widely used by technical analysts and traders. Used to interpret price movements, this indicator has five separate lines, namely Conversion Line, Base Line, Leading Span A, Leading Span B, and Lagging Pan. Today, the Ichimoku Cloud is widely used to identify support and resistance zones of financial assets.

How Does The Ichimoku Cloud Indicator Work In Technical Analysis?

The Ichimoku Cloud is an indicator that contains five separate lines and provides traders with insights into the financial markets. Each line in the indicator is calculated using different formulas and has different meanings.

The structures in the indicator are based on the 9-day average, 26-day average, and 52-day average. The first of the remaining 2 lines is a reference to the average of the 9 and 26-day data, while the remaining line corresponds to the lagging closing price.

What Are The Formulas Of The Ichimoku Cloud?

Five different sets make up the Ichimoku Cloud, and each is expressed in different formulas:

Conversion Line (tenkan sen) = (9-PH + 9-PL) / 2

Base Line (kijun sen) = (26-PH + 26-PL) / 2

Leading Span A (senkou span A) = (CL + Base Line) / 2

Leading Span B (senkou span B) = (52-PH + 52-PL) / 2

Lagging Pan (chikou span) = Close plotted 26 periods in the past.



PH = Period High

PL = Period Low

CL = Conversion Line


How To Calculate The Ichimoku Cloud?

The calculation is as follows:


  1. First, the Conversion Line and Base Line are calculated.
  2. Leading Span A is determined using the Conversion Line and Base Line data obtained. This data is plotted for 26 periods into the future.
  3. Leading Span B is calculated and added to the chart for 26 periods into the future.
  4. The calculation of the Lagging Span is based on the closing price on the chart for 26 periods in the past.
  5. The difference between Leading Span A and Leading Span B is colored to create a cloud. When Leading Span A is higher than Leading Span B, the color used is green, while in the opposite case, the cloud is colored red.


It should be noted that the data obtained by the above calculation method is only used to create a data set. To build the lines for the long term, it is necessary to re-execute all the steps at the end of each period and obtain new data. The result of connecting all the data obtained is the appearance of clouds and lines.

How To Read Ichimoku Cloud?

The Ichimoku Cloud is a complicated indicator to understand at first due to its structure, but once its basic principles are understood, it is an indicator that can easily provide meaningful trading signals. Traders can obtain signals from this indicator in two different categories: momentum and trend-following.

Momentum Signals: It is the name usually given to the signals obtained based on the relationship between the Conversion Line and the Base Line. 

When the Conversion Line crosses above the Base Line, a bullish signal is generated, indicating that short-term price rises will occur faster than the long-term average. Conversely, when the Base Line is above the Conversion Line, it describes a bearish scenario, signaling a decline in short-term price movements.

Trend-Based Signals: The trend-following signals are again divided into two categories according to the Ichimoku Cloud factors they are interpreted by: The price of the asset relative to the cloud, and the color of the cloud.


Price of a Financial Asset by Cloud: When the price of a financial asset is above the cloud, it is considered a sign of an uptrend. On the other hand, a price below the cloud is seen as a sign of a downtrend, and the area where the cloud is located is also considered as a resistance zone that the price needs to overcome.

The Color of the Cloud: A green-colored cloud indicates that Leading Span A is above Leading Span B, referring to a bullish scenario. On the other hand, when Leading Span B is above Leading Span A, the cloud is colored red, indicating a downtrend.

What Are The Advantages Of The Ichimoku Cloud Indicator?

1- Comprehensive Overview: Each of the five individual components in the Ichimoku Cloud contributes different functions, allowing traders to use this indicator to gain a comprehensive insight into ongoing price movements and trend direction.

2- Applicable to All: The fact that it is an indicator to be applied to all financial markets that have shown price movement, regardless of the instrument, such as commodities, cryptocurrencies, stocks, or indices, makes the Ichimoku Cloud widely used among all traders.

3- Dynamic Support and Resistance Zones: The cloud in the Ichimoku Cloud indicator allows traders to directly identify potential support and resistance zones. The cloud moves in response to constantly changing market conditions, making it easy for traders to integrate with market conditions.

What Are The Disadvantages Of The Ichimoku Cloud Indicator?

1- Multiple Lines: The Ichimoku Cloud has five different lines that traders can use, calculated by different methods, and this complex structure can sometimes be confusing. In such cases, to ensure proper risk management, traders may be offered various alternatives, such as leaving the lines that show the most effective and accurate results on the chart and making the rest invisible.

2- Historical Values: As with other indicators, the results from the Ichimoku Cloud are based on historical data, and it is difficult to predict when historical data will intersect in the future. For this reason, data from the Ichimoku Cloud is often delayed and has a lagging nature.

3- Ineffectiveness in Lower Time Frame: Traders can get an incredible amount of data on the Ichimoku Cloud. Using this indicator, especially on low timeframes, means that many signals can be generated every second, which can confuse traders. In addition, the large number of signals generated by sudden volatilities on low timeframes can often lead to inaccurate results due to the lack of accurate and deep calculations.

How Can Ichimoku Cloud Work With Other Indicators?

The Ichimoku Cloud is an indicator that stands out for the wealth of market insights it provides to traders. While this indicator provides a wealth of data, such as the detection of support and resistance levels, the direction of the trend, and the functionality of trading signals (Strong Buy/Strong Sell, etc.), it should be noted that no indicator is 100% accurate at all times. Therefore, when determining the accuracy of any data obtained by the Ichimoku Cloud, it is always necessary to support the existing data with other indicators.

What Is The Winning Rate Of The Ichimoku Cloud Indicator?

When interpreting any indicator, the exact win rate is very difficult to give, but it is important to know that the optimal conditions for each indicator are different. To increase the accuracy of the data obtained through the Ichimoku Cloud, it is of great importance for traders to carry out technical analysis activities in the right time frames and under the right market conditions.


Is Ichimoku Cloud A Leading Indicator?

No, the Ichimoku Cloud operates as a trend-based indicator for traders who want to recognize and understand current market conditions rather than the future. In this context, many of the signals that traders receive cover current market conditions.



How can I add the Ichimoku Cloud to the charts?

The Ichimoku Cloud is available in the indicators section of many trading platforms. If the indicator is selected as an indicator to be displayed, it will automatically appear on the chart.


Can the Ichimoku Cloud be used in any timeframe?

Despite being able to obtain a signal from the Ichimoku Cloud on all timeframes, it is generally recommended that traders use the higher timeframes for the most accurate results and the most accurate signals.


Can the Ichimoku Cloud be applied to all financial instruments?

Yes, the Ichimoku Cloud can be used for all financial instruments.


Is the Ichımoku Cloud suitable for all traders?

The Ichimoku Cloud is more suitable for intermediate and advanced traders due to its complexity and the need to interpret the large number of signals it generates correctly.


Are the time frames used in the Conversion Line, Base Line, and Leading Span B calculations that are part of the Ichimoku Cloud fixed?

Yes. Different formulas are used to calculate the lines on the Ichimoku Cloud and each formula is fixed.



Eurotrader doesn’t represent that the material provided here is accurate, current, or complete, and therefore shouldn’t be relied upon as such. The information provided here, whether from a third party or not, isn’t to be considered as a recommendation; or an offer to buy or sell; or the solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any security, financial product, or instrument; or to participate in any particular trading strategy. We advise any readers of this content to seek their advice.

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